Variability, Correlation, and Class Analysis of Ten Genotypes of Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.)

Variabilitas, Korelasi, dan Analisis Kelas Sepuluh Genotipe Nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth.)

  • Sri Nurmayanti State Polytechnic of Lampung
  • M Tahir State Polytechnic of Lampung
  • Gusti Ayu Putu Dianti State Polytechnic of Lampung
Keywords: Class analysis, Correlation, Patchouli, Variability

Abstract

Patchouli is a plant that produces essential oils that cannot be substituted with other essential oils.  The genetic diversity of patchouli is low, because in Indonesia there are only five superior clones, and this is caused a limitation for cultivation.  Therefore it is necessary to produce new superior clones filled by national standards.  This study tested nine patchouli superior genotypes resulting from mutations.  The main objective of this research were to obtain the results stability, wide variability, to determine the correlation of each parameter and class closeness among ten patchouli genotypes.  The study used nine plant clones of patchouli from the collection and one patchouli variety released in Indonesia as a comparison, namely Lhoksemauwe.  The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized block design with three replications.  Based on the results of the study, there was no significant difference in almost all observed parameters except for the stem diameter parameter.  The genotype used has shown the stability of the results at the Rajabasa location in South Lampung.  The variability in almost all parameters showed broad criteria, except for the parameters of cell turgidity and oil yield.  Significant positive correlations occurred between several observed parameters.  There are four classes formed and three of it have more than 90% closeness.

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Author Biographies

Sri Nurmayanti, State Polytechnic of Lampung

Department of Plantation Plant Cultivation

M Tahir, State Polytechnic of Lampung

Department of Plantation Plant Cultivation

Gusti Ayu Putu Dianti, State Polytechnic of Lampung

Department of Plantation Plant Cultivation

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Nurmayanti, S., Tahir, M. and Dianti, G. (2021) “Variability, Correlation, and Class Analysis of Ten Genotypes of Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.)”, AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian, 5(1), pp. 81-88. doi: 10.33019/agrosainstek.v5i1.265.
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