Amelioration of Postmining Tin Tailings Media with Coconut Husk in Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L. chinensis) Cultivation with Growick Irrigation System

Ameliorasi Media Tailing Pascatambang Timah dengan Sabut Kelapa pada Budidaya Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L. chinensis) dengan Sistem Irigasi Growick

  • Ismed Inonu Universitas Bangka Belitung
  • Rion Apriyadi Universitas Bangka Belitung
  • Dera Utari Universitas Bangka Belitung
Keywords: Coconut husk, Growick, Pakcoy, Sand tailings

Abstract

Post-tin mining is mostly in the form of sand tailings, with a texture dominated by the sand fraction, so that the water holding capacity is low. The growick irrigation system was developed for plant cultivation in post-mining land, by utilizing a capillary axis to maintain the water content of the planting medium, it is necessary to ameliorate it with coconut husk. This study aims to determine the effect of the dose of coconut husk added to the sand tailings medium on the growth and yield of pakcoy with growick tailings irrigation system. Research held in the experiment and research Station of Universitas Bangka Belitung, Balunijuk Village, Merawang District, Bangka Regency from January to April 2020. The study used a single completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 replications. The treatment dosage of coconut husk studied was 0; 200; 400; 600; 800, and 1000g per polybag. The data obtained will be analyzed statistically using the Analysis of Variance and Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) α = 5%. The results showed that the growth and production of pakcoy were affected by the dose of coconut husk ameliorant, and the best growth and production was obtained at a dose of 600 g. Efficient use of water by plants at a dose of 600 g is the most efficient.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ismed Inonu, Universitas Bangka Belitung

Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Biology

Rion Apriyadi, Universitas Bangka Belitung

Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Biology

Dera Utari, Universitas Bangka Belitung

Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Biology

References

Adhiguna RT dan Rejo A. 2018. Teknologi Irigasi Tetes Dalam Mengoptimalkan Efisiensi Penggunaan Air di Lahan Pertanian. Prosiding Seminar Nasioanal Hari Air Dunia. Palembang 20 Maret 2018; Hlm 107-116.

Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah. 2016. Rencana kerja Pembangunan Daerah. Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Pangkal Pinang: Bappeda.

Dariah A, Abdurachman A, Subardja D. 2010. Reklamasi lahan eks-penambangan untuk perluasan areal pertanian. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan; 4(1): 1-12.

Ekebafe MO, Ekebafe LO, Osayande PE, Maidoh F, rhemu P. 2013. Assessment of The Water Conservation Potential and Mode of Application of Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Husk Hydrogel on Soil Cultivated to Coconut Seedling. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science; 23: 10 – 19.

Groasis. 2017. Groasis Growbox Fights Food and Water Shortage. https://www.nationaleiconen.nl [26 Oktober 2019].

Hamid I, Priatna SJ, Hermawan A. 2017. Karakteristik Beberapa Sifat Fisika dan Kimia Tanah pada Lahan Bekas Tambang Timah. Jurnal Penelitian Sains; 19(1):1-9.

Hasibuan AK, Dalimunthe A, Utomo B. 2016. Penggunaan Sabut Kelapa Sebagai Penahan Air Untuk Mendukung Pertumbuhan Tanaman Sukun (Artocarpus communis Forst) pada DTA Danau Toba. Peronema Forestry Science Journal; 5(3):1-7.

Inonu I, Khodijah NS, Supriadi A. 2014. Budidaya Pakchoy (Brassica rapa L.) di Lahan Tailing Pasir Bekas Penambangan Timah dengan Amelioran Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk NPK. J Lahan Suboptimal; 3(1):76-82

Irawan A, Hidayah HN. 2014. Kesesuaian Penggunaan Cocopeat Sebagai Media Sapih Pada Media Poltube dalam Pembibitan Cempaka (Magnoliaelegans (Blume) H.Keng). Jurnal WASIAN; 1(2): 73-76.

Maryani AT. 2012. Pengaruh Volume Pemberian Air Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit di Pembibitan Utama. Bioplantae; 1(2): 64-74.

Nio SA dan Patricia T. 2015. Karakter Morfologi Akar sebagai Indikator Kekurangan Air pada Tanaman. 32 Jurnal Bioslogos; 3(1): 31-39.

Nio SA, Tondas SM, Buutarbutar R. 2010. Evaluasi Indikator Toleransi Cekaman Kekeringan Pada Fase Perkecambahan Padi (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Biologi; 14(1): 50-54.

Nugraha YS, Sumarni T, Sulistyono R. 2014. Pengaruh Interval Waktu dan Tingkat Pemberian Air terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Kedelai (Glycine max L Merril). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman; 2(7): 552-559.

Pradana WO. 2011. Upaya Pemanfaatan Lahan Bekas Galian Tambang Timah di Kuto Panji, Belinyu Provinsi Bangka Belitung. [Skripsi]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Prananda R, Indriyanto, Riniarti M. 2014. Respon Pertumbuhan Bibit Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba) Dengan Pemberian Kompos Kotoran Sapi pada Media Penyapihan. Jurnal Sylva Lestari; 2(3): 29-38.

Ramadhan D, Riniarti M, Santoso T. 2018. The Utilization of Cocopeat as Growing Media for Paraserianthes falcataria and Intsia palembanica. Jurnal Sylva Lestari; 6(2): 22-31.

Rusli, Yulius F, Bariot H, Edi W. 2016. Keefektifan Pembenah Tanah, Pemupukan, dan Mikoriza Untuk Pertumbuhan Tanaman Karet di Lahan Bekas Tambang Timah. Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar; 3(3):175-184.

Sinay H. 2015. Pengaruh Perlakuan Cekaman Kekeringan Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kandungan Prolin pada Fase Vegetatif Beberapa Kultivar Jagung Lokal dari Pulau Kisar Maluku di Rumah Kaca. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi:Hlm 228-237.

Sumpena U, Maulana A. 2013. Budidaya Caisim dan Pakcoy. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Kementrian Pertanian. http://balitsa.litbang.pertanian.go.id/ind/ [2 November 2019].

Sutono S dan Haryati U. 2012. Efisiensi Penggunaan Air Pada Pertanian Lahan Kering Dalam Upaya Adaptasi Terhadap Perubahan Iklim. Konservasi Tanah Menghadapi Iklim. Balai Penelitian Tanah. Hlm 215-240

Valentino N. 2012. Pengaruh Pengaturan Kombinasi Media Terhadap Pertumbuhan Anakan Cabutan Tumih (Combretocarpus rotundatus). [Skripsi]. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Yu L, ZengY, Su Z, Cai H, Zheng Z. 2016. The effect of different evapotranspiration methods on portraying soil water dynamics and ET partitioning in a semi-arid environment in Northwest China. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences; 20: 975 – 990.

Yuniarti A, Suriadikusumah A, Gultom JU. 2017. Pengaruh Pupuk Anorganik dan Pupuk Organik Cair terhadap Ph, N-Total, C-Organik dan Hasil Pakcoy pada Inceptisol. Prosiding Seminar Nasional 2017 Fakultas Pertanian UMJ, 8 November 2017. Hlm 213-219.

Published
2021-05-28
How to Cite
Inonu, I., Apriyadi, R. and Utari, D. (2021) “Amelioration of Postmining Tin Tailings Media with Coconut Husk in Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L. chinensis) Cultivation with Growick Irrigation System”, AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian, 5(1), pp. 27-33. doi: 10.33019/agrosainstek.v5i1.209.
Abstract viewed = 25 times
PDF downloaded = 24 times