The Response of Foxtail Millet Candidate Varieties from Nagekeo Regency to Leaf Blight (Bipolaris setariae)

  • Suriani Suriani Indonesian Cereals Research Institute
  • Amran Muis Indonesian Cereals Research Institute
  • Septian Hary Kalqutny Indonesian Cereals Research Institute
Keywords: AUDPC, Bipolaris setarieae, Foxtail millet, Leaf blight, Plant resistance

Abstract

Foxtail millet has the potential to be developed as a healthier food alternative because of its high nutritional value. Disease such as leaf blight caused by Bipolaris setariae is one of the limiting factors in Foxtail millet productivity. One of the efforts to control the pathogen is by utilizing resistant varieties. In this study, two candidate varieties and two germplasm accessions were tested to determine the level of resistance to Bipolaris setariae leaf blight. The study was arranged based on a complete randomized design with six replications. Each test material was inoculated with the spore suspension at 4 WAP. Disease intensity was observed based on the disease scoring at 7, 9, and 11 WAP. AUDPC value is calculated based on the intensity of the attack at a particular observation time. Grain weight was recorded and statistically analyzed. The two candidate varieties of foxtail millet Pagamogo and Tedamude from Nagekeo Regency showed a moderately resistant response to leaf blight and had the lowest AUDPC values of 907.69 and 912.31. The highest increase in AUDPC values was observed in the initial observation period at 0-49 DAP.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Suriani Suriani, Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Amran Muis, Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Septian Hary Kalqutny, Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

References

Altaf M, Raziq F, Khan I, Hussain H, Shah B, Ullah W, Naeem A, Adnan M, Junaid K, Shah SRA, Attaullah, Iqbal M. 2018. Study on the response of different maize cultivars to various inoculum levels of Bipolaris maydis (Y. Nisik & C. Miyake) shoemaker under field conditions. J Entomol Zool Stud. 4(2):533-537.
Andersen EJ, Ali S, Byamukama E, Yen Y, Nepal MP. 2018. Disease Resistance Mechanisms in Plants. Genes (Basel). 9(7):339. doi:10.3390/genes9070339
Bhuja. 2009. Teknologi Budidaya Millet. Departemen Pertanian Balai Informasi Pertanian Provinsi Irian Jaya. Jayapura.
Binghan IJ, Walters DR, Foulkes MJ, Paveley ND. 2009. Crop traits and the tolerance of wheat and barley to foliar disease. Annals of Applied Biology. 154159173
Dalimunthe CI, Fairuzah Z & Daslin A. 2015. Ketahanan lapangan tanaman karet klon IRR seri 100 terhadap tiga patogen penting penyakit gugur daun. Jurnal Penelitian Karet 33 (1): 35 – 4.
Das IK, Nagaraja A, & Tonapi VA. 2016. Diseases of Millets. ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research Rajendranagar, Hyderabad.
Duan CF, Huang GX, Li CP, Shi T, Guo RQ, Li YX, Liu Q, Yan W, Lou YQ, Zhang LH, Liu GH. 2012. Isolation and identification of pathogen of a leaf spot disease of cassava in Yunnan. Acta Agriculturae Jiangxi, 24(12):118-120. http://www.jxnyxb.com
Freeman BC, Beattie GA. 2008. An Overview of Plant Defenses against Pathogens and Herbivores. The Plant Health Instructor. DOI: 10.1094/PHI-I-2008-0226-01
Garcion C, Lamotte O, Cacas JL, Métraux JP. 2014. Mechanisms of Defence to Pathogens: Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol 9781118371. doi:10.1002/9781118371848.ch6
Kadam PR, Sharma KK. 2018. Identification and severity of important diseases of foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.]. Contemporary Research in India Special Volume II:179-183.
Kalaisekar A, Padmaja PG. 2017. Insect Pests of Millets and Their Host Plant Relations. Millets Sorghum Biol Genet Improv. 267-290. doi:10.1002/9781119130765.ch10
Kamatar MY, Brunda SM, Sanjeevsingh HH, Sowmya, Goudar G, & Hundekar, R. 2015. Nutritional composition of seventy five, elite germplasm of foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Inter. J. of Engineering Research & Technology. 4(4).
Karkee A, Joshi BK, Ghimire KH, Gurung R, Pudasaini N, Pant S. 2020. Climate Change Trends and Disease Situations in Some Major Traditional Crops in the Mountains of Dolakha , Lamjung , Jumla and Climate Change Trends and Disease Situations in Some Major Traditional Crops in the Mountains of Dolakha , Lamjung , Jumla and Humla, Nepal. In Traditional Crop Biodiversity for Mountain Food and Nutrition Security in Nepal (D Gauchan, BK Joshi, B Bhandari, HK Manandhar and DI Jarvis, eds). Tools and Research Results of the UNEP GEF Local Crop Project, Nepal; NAGRC, LI-BIRD, and the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT
Khaeruni A, Taufik M, Wijayanto T, & Johan EA. 2014. Perkembangan penyakit hawar daun bakteri pada tiga varietas padi sawah yang diinokulasi pada beberapa fase pertumbuhan. J. Fitopatologi Indonesia 10 (4): 119-125.
Konda S, Nagaraja A, Nagamma G, Sangeetha PS, Patil S and Dev D. 2016. In vitro evaluation of bio-agents and fungicides against leaf blast (Pyricularia setariae) in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.]. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 10(1):489.
Kumar K. 2011. Studies on brown leaf spot disease (Helminthosporium spp.) of finger millet and foxtail millet. Thesis. University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru.
Manamgoda DS, Rossman AY, Castlebury LA, Crous PW, Madrid H, Chukeatirote E, & Hyde KD. 2014. The genus Bipolaris. Studies in Mycology 79: 221-288.
Mehmood Y, Khan MA. 2016. Effectiveness of resistant germplasm and biological control agents as a sustainable management for Fusarium wilt disease on chickpea. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 18(4): 726-734.
Mirzaee MR, Zare ACR & Nasraba AA. 2010. A new leaf and sheath brown spot of foxtail millet caused by Bipolaris australiensis. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 5: 19–20.
Nasnwa R., Godara SL & and Singh M. 2018. Evaluation of fungicides against leaf spot disease of pearl millet caused by Drechslera setariae under field conditions. Inter. J. of Current Microbiology and Applied Scienc. 7 (4): 2319-7706.
Niu XQ, Yu FY, Zhu H, Qin WQ. 2014. First report of leaf spot disease in coconut seedling caused by Bipolaris setariae in China. Plant Disease, 98(12):1742. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis
Ramappa HK, Ravishankar CR, & Prakash P. 2006. Reaction of kodo millet and barn yard millet entries to smut disease, in Future Policy Option in India. Vol III: Small Millets, Proceedings of the Third National Seminar on Millets Research and Development, March 11-12, 2004 (eds Krishnegowda KT, Seethrama N, Khairwal IS, et al.), All India Coordinated Pearl Millet Improvement Project, Agriculture Research Station, Mandor, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India: pp 73-74.
Randall A, Yuwariah Y, Nuraini A, Nurmala T, Irwan AW, & Qosim WA. 2016. Karakterisasi dan kekerabatan 23 genotip jawawut (Setaria italica L. Beauv) yang ditanam tumpangsari dengan ubi jalar berdasarkan karakter agromorfologi. J. Pangan 25 (1): 21 – 32.
Rini DS. 2018. Potensi aksesi lokal jewawut (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv) sebagai pangan alternatif di lahan kering Pulau Sumba NTT. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi Dan Saintek III. 558-564.
Al-Sadi A. 2016. Variation in Resistance to Spot Blotch and The Aggressiveness of Bipolaris sorokiniana on Barley and Wheat Cultivars. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(1), 97-103.
Saxena R, Vanga SK, Wang J, Orsat V and Raghavan V. 2018. Millets for Food Security in the Context of Climate Change: A Review. Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2228
Timilsina D, Sapkota M, Yadav MK, Ghimure S. 2016. Agromorphological characterisation of foxtail millet (Setaria italica L. Beauv) at Rampur, Chitwan. Thesis. Tribhuvan University, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Nepal.
Tatuhey D. 2014. Eksplorasi, Karakterisasi dan Respon Nitrogen terhadap Komponen Pertumbuhan, Hasil Gluten dan Lemak pada Pokem (Gandum Papua). Tesis. Pascasarjana Universitas Padjadjaran.
Zhinhuan, Yongbiao GX & Jingrui D. 2000. The pathogenic site of the C-toxin derived from Bipolaris maydis race C in maize (Zea mays). Chinese Sci. Bull. 45 (19): 176-179.
Published
2021-04-16
How to Cite
Suriani, S., Muis, A. and Kalqutny, S. (2021) “The Response of Foxtail Millet Candidate Varieties from Nagekeo Regency to Leaf Blight (Bipolaris setariae)”, AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian, 5(1), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.33019/agrosainstek.v5i1.207.
Abstract viewed = 125 times
PDF downloaded = 146 times