Cultivating Corn with High Populations to Increase Productivity and Land Efficiency in Indonesia

Budidaya Jagung dengan Populasi Tinggi untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Efisiensi Lahan di Indonesia

  • Wang Zhiwu Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Chen Kai Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Qi Shijun Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Lu Zengbin Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Cheng Wen Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Xiao Huanying Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Zhao Suxian Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
  • Yunus Musa Hasanuddin University
  • Rahmansyah Dermawan Hasanuddin University
  • Karlina Syahruddin Indonesian Cereals Research Institute
  • Ding Zhaohua Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Keywords: Indonesia, China, Corn, High population, Economy

Abstract

This study aims to support technically the use of space by adjusting the spacing and the use of high yielding new CI01, CI02 and CI03 maize varieties jointly developed by corn researchers from China and Indonesia with appropriate cultivation techniques. This experiment was conducted in March 2018 in Kediri, East Java, Indonesia. Planting is carried out in beds using plastic mulch. Planting was designed with a high population using a distance of 14 cm between plants, 2 rows per bed, and zigzag planted to obtain 99,000 plants/ha population. With this method, high yields of 13.35 t / ha for CI01 varieties, 13.72 t / Ha for CI02 varieties, and 12.78 t / Ha for CI03 varieties were obtained. The downy mildew disease rate was the lowest 0.8% in the CI01 variety. Economically, the use of high yield pattern planting methods increases yields by more than 20% and increases economic profit by 15% of the cost of corn production.

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Author Biographies

Wang Zhiwu, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Chen Kai, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Qi Shijun, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Lu Zengbin, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Cheng Wen, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Xiao Huanying, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Zhao Suxian, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Yunus Musa, Hasanuddin University

Agricultural Faculty

Rahmansyah Dermawan, Hasanuddin University

Agricultural Faculty

Karlina Syahruddin, Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Indonesian Cereals Research Institute

Ding Zhaohua, Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Maize Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences

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Published
2019-04-02
How to Cite
Zhiwu, W., Kai, C., Shijun, Q., Zengbin, L., Wen, C., Huanying, X., Suxian, Z., Musa, Y., Dermawan, R., Syahruddin, K. and Zhaohua, D. (2019) “Cultivating Corn with High Populations to Increase Productivity and Land Efficiency in Indonesia”, AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian, 3(1), pp. 15-20. doi: 10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i1.36.
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